Nestled in a confluence of three rich river valleys, amid picturesque hillsides and stunning ridges in the heart of the Mantiqueira Mountains, south-east of Brazil, Botanique Hotel & Spa is enveloped and surrounded by lush, mid-tropical Atlantic forests.
The process began by studying the built tissue of the vicinity areas. In the main town nearby lie a large number of private houses from the 19th century, that although being in Brazil, they follow a Normand style. Architecture was about dealing with an existing local “European borrowed” styling and to introduce a contemporary appeal besides authenticity.
另一方面，建筑的整体设计是围绕将业主回收的木材收藏与优美的环境结合的概念展开的。业主花了很多年时间从不同的拆迁来源中收集美丽而稀有的木材元素，如横梁、柱子和镶木地板，其想法是在后来成为构成该项目的建筑物中赋予它们新的生命。于是，超过 250 立方米的旧木件（有些可追溯到 120 多年前）被重新用于地板、门和结构元件，证明了木材作为建筑材料的惊人耐用性。
On the other hand, the whole design of the complex was developed around the concept of elegantly combine the owner’s reclaimed wood collection with the beautiful environment. The client spent many years rescuing and collecting from different demolition sources beautiful and rare wood elements such as beams, columns and parquets, with the idea to give them a new life in what then became the buildings that compose this project. More than 250 cubic meters of old wooden pieces (some dating from more than 120 years ago) were reused on floors, doors and structural elements, proving the amazing durability of wood as a construction material.
Botanique’s architecture proposes then, the experience of having a wood construction placed in the heart’s source of its raw material: the forest.
建筑群由一栋包含六个房间的主楼、一间餐厅和一个水疗中心组成。与这座建筑分离的 11 栋别墅被设计成一系列连续的迷人景观，带有卧室、壁炉和浴室，为居住者提供系列服务。
The complex consists of a main building containing six rooms, a restaurant and a spa. Detached from this building eleven villas were designed as a series of connected views, bedrooms, fireplaces and charming bathrooms providing continuity to a sequence of experiences.
The main building’s design was focused on harmonizing pitched roofs floating over monumental glass facade, creating playful asymmetries and mixing vernacular materials such as local stone and wood. A truly unique style emerged as large volumes of stone, towering glass facade, chocolate colored slate and the old reclaimed wood pillars and beams combined among themselves.
The beauty of the rough wood with its screwed junctions was deliberately exposed, going beyond their natural structural function but becoming a key element of the aesthetics of the building and of the interior architecture. When confronted to solve a complex wooden structure, and working close to wood engineering specialized consultants, technical and ingenious solutions appeared. This fact indeed became (and enriched) the aesthetics of the project as well.
In the villas conception it was intended to take the maximum advantage of each individual implantation, creating all different plans but giving them a common identity at the same time. Basically we positioned the villas considering their accessibility and in a way that they would not interfere on the site’s existing topography.
The enormous stones contributed to keep the warm feeling when combined with the wood, keeping the main elements within a calm colour palette based in nuances of yellow. So the green of the surrounding forest was the only color allowed to be juxtaposed onto the natural yellowish stone and wood tones that enveloped the building. Due to the lightness and transparency of the monumental glass facade, this natural green backdrop completed the interior design just as beautifully as it composed the exterior views.
Location: São Carlos do Pinhal, SP, Brazil
Project date: 2006
Completion date: December 2012
Site area: 80.000 m²
Built area: 7.000 m²
Use: Leisure & Tourism
Materials: - Reclaimed wood – Glass - “Moledo de saibro” monolithic stones - Dark chocolate slate board
Architecture: Candida Tabet Arquitetura / Oliver Gohan
Team: Candida Tabet, principal Oliver Gohan, colaborator Lincoln Santana de Oliveira, intern
Geotechnics Engineering: Engesolos Engenharia de Solos e Fundações
Structure: Pasqua & Graziano Associados
Wooden Structure Project: Orbital Engenharia e Construções
AC: CBPA Projetos Ambientais Ltda.
Foundation Project: Apoio Assessoria e Projeto de Fundações
MEP: Tesis - Tecnologia de Sistemas
Fire prevention and fire-fighting resources: Tesis
Tecnologia de Sistemas - Kitchen: EquipoMaster
Interior decoration: Fernanda Ralston / Adelia Borges
Light design: Esther Stiller
Photographer: Tuca Reinés