The neighborhood Gellerup in Aarhus is a social housing estate designed and erected in the 1960s. Designed in the typical architectural style of 1960s modernism with large scale building blocks and empty and un-programed areas between the houses, Gellerup is one of Denmark’s largest social housing estates with many social, cultural and economic challenges.
地产商Brabrand Boligforening和奥尔胡斯市政府决定展开这个项目，将Gellerup从一个缺乏合理规划的社区改造成奥尔胡斯市一个完整的、有吸引力的社区。这种转变的核心是打破现代主义的理性城市规划和建筑，增加自然和人文的亲和度， 23万平方米的城市公园被设计建造出来，在Gellerup社区的发展中扮演重要的角色。
From ghetto to neighborhood
The estate owners, Brabrand Boligforening and the City of Aarhus, started a process to transform Gellerup from a socially challenged neighborhood into an attractive and integrated part of Aarhus City. Central in this transformation was to break with the rational urban planning and architecture of modernism and add a natural and human scale. It is here, that the 230,000 square metersGellerup Urban Park plays a central part in the development of Gellerup - from ghetto to neighborhood.
The Danish nature experts and landscape architects SLA won the competition to design and transform the public spaces of Gellerup. The overall goal of SLA’s design of Gellerup Urban Parkis to increase the quality of life for the residents in Gellerup. This is done by making the area saferand more secure by creating more and better social opportunities and activities for all its users and residents.
Through an extensive citizens-engagement process, all the dreams, wishes and needs of the residents were heard and taken into the design - as well as the newest expert knowledge in safety, marginalized social groups and how to alleviate socially and physically challenging neighborhoods.
A nature-based approach to social challenges
SLA solved the social and physical challenges by designing the outdoor spaces asone large coherent and lush city park.This nature-based approach was to be the central framework for Gellerup's transformation from exposed residential area to new district in Aarhus.
In the design, SLA both removed and supplied nature to the city park. The former wildernesses that created insecurity and clutter for the residents were removed. Instead, SLA added much more varied nature typologies of high quality, that ensures a general overview of the park thus increasing security. By designing the nature in an attractive and inviting way, the park now also contains many more opportunities for stay and lingering during all times of the day, which also increases security.
SLA also added many new connections and paths across the city park to increase and improve the flows and the accessibility of the park. The paths make it easier and safer to move through the large park. The paths are designed so they bend and curve around trees and nature throughout the park. This is done to act as natural speed dampers, making it impossible to roam through the park on highspeed mopeds - something that created insecurity and uncertainty in the past.
Two thousand trees
Finally, SLA’s design added more than 2000 new trees to the park. The trees are all specially selected and hand-picked for Gellerup based on their functional, social and aesthetic capabilities. The trees are planted so they create a good microclimate in the park, effectively handle cloud bursts- and provide a strong aesthetic feeling of nature with their wild and crooked expression of natural growth. The trees have been selected with an extremely large species variation. This is a conscious homage to Gellerup's large ethnic and cultural diversity and one that creates a strong sense of ownership of the new city park for the residents. The many varied species also make the park more robust to climate change and potential deceases.
To maximize the potential for public life in the park, many different programs and activities have been added. Ballparks, playgrounds, waterplays, pavilions and informal gathering spots are generously placed throughout the park. Close to all building blocks are placed outdoor eating areas and picnic spots with common vegetable, fruit and herb gardens that all residents can gather and use for their meals. An extensive lighting scheme has been added to prolong the use of the park in the mornings and evenings, boosting public life, safety and security at the same time.
加强生物多样性是公园设计的一大重点，因此公园作为奥尔胡斯市的一个连接，将两个主要的区域景观Skjoldhøjkilen和Brabrand Adal 紧紧联系在一起。
A place for humans and animals alike
Enhancing biodiversity is a big priority for the design of the park. Thus, the park acts as a ‘missing link’ in Aarhus (re)connecting the area with the two dominant landscape areas of Gellerup: Skjoldhøjkilen and Brabrand Ådal.
The large species variety of the designed nature allows for a maximum of animals, bees and insects to find habitat and shelter in the park. Thus, even though the park is still under the last phases of construction, many wild animals have already established their home in the park - from rare bee species to wild rabbits, squirrels and foxes.
Thus, Gellerup Urban Park is designed to provide home to both human, animals and plants alike - in a new form of urban symbiosis.
合作团队：EFFEKT, COWI, Social Action, GAME和Boris Brorman Jensen
照片：Rasmus Hjortshøj - COAST Studio
客户: Dansk Boligforening and the City of Aarhus
Design year and completion year: 2014-2019
Design:Urban space-, park- and landscape design
Lead designer and team:SLA (lead designer) and EFFEKT, COWI, Social Action, GAME and Boris Brorman Jensen (team)
Project location: Aarhus, Denmark
Landscape area:230,000 square meters
Photo credits: Rasmus Hjortshøj - COAST Studio
Partners: EFFEKT, COWI, Social Action, GAME and Boris Brorman Jensen
Clients: Dansk Boligforening and the City of Aarhus