The Yokohama International Port Terminal is a new type of transportation space integrated with urban facilities. Rather than conceiving of the building as an object on the pier, detached from its context, it is designed as an extension of the pier ground, simultaneously hosting the terminal functions and creating a very large urban park on the roof of the terminal.
To ensure maximum urban life throughout the terminal, the building is organised around a circulation system which challenges both the linear structure characteristic of piers, and the directionality of the circulation, using a series of programmatically-specific interlocking circulation loops designed to produce an uninterrupted and multi-directional space, rather than a conventional gateway to flows of fixed orientation.
The building is designed as an extension of the urban ground; constructed as a systematic transformation of the lines of the circulation diagram into a folded and bifurcated surface which hosts the alternative program. In order to maximise flexibility, a unique structural system is designed as an integral part of the folded surface, avoiding interruptions due to vertical structure. A hybrid structural system of steel trussed folded plate and concrete girders allows the structural system to be coincident with the diagonal folded surface, especially adequate in coping with the lateral forces generated by the seismic movements which characterise Japanese geography.
The tectonic system of the folded surface maximises the cruise terminal’s flexibility - both hybridising the circulation, program and structural system and exploiting their differences to produce spatial variety.
Project: YOKOHAMA INTERNATIONAL PORT TERMINAL
Location: Yokohama, Japan
Architect: AZPA/FOA (Alejandro Zaera-Polo Architecture/Foreign Office Architects)
Client: Port and Harbour Authority and the City of Yokohama, Japan
Completion date: 1995 (competition: 1st Prize), 2002 (construction)
Total Area: 48,000m2 complex including: 17,000m2 passenger handling zone for national
and international passengers, custom and immigration procedures, 500m2 of shops,
3000m2 of restaurants, 500m2 of conference space and parking space for 600 cars.
Architect AZPA/FOA (Alejandro Zaera-Polo Architecture/Foreign Office Architects), Alejandro Zaera Polo and Farshid Moussavi with
Competition: Ivan Ascanio, Yoon King Chong, Michael Cosmas, Jung-Hyun Hwang, Guy Westbrook
Basic Design: Felix Bendito, Victoria Castillejos, Dafne Gil, Jordi Mansilla, Kenichi Matsuzawa, Oriol Montfort, Xavier Ortiz, Lluis Viu Rebes, Jose Saenz, Santiago Triginer, Julian Varas, Thomasine Wolfensberger
Detailed design: Kensuke Kishikawa, Yasuhisa Kikuchi, Izumi Kobayashi, Kenichi Matsuzawa, Tomofumi Nagayama, Xavier Ortiz, Lluis Viu Rebes, Keisuke Tamura
Construction Phase: Shokan Endo, Kensuke Kishikawa, Yasuhisa Kikuchi, Izumi Kobayashi, Kenichi Matsuzawa, Tomofumi Nagayama, Keisuke Tamura
Structural Engineer: Structure Design Group (1998-2002)/ Arup (1995-6)
Services Engineer: PT Morimura & Associates
Lighting: Kado Lighting Design Laboratory
Acoustic: Nagata Acoustics Inc
Disaster Prevention:Akeno Fire Research Institute
Traffic Consultant: Urban Traffic Engineering
First Division: Shimizu Corporation
Second Division: Kajima Corporation
Third Division: Toda Corporation