In the urban construction, there are always some plots left because of their limited areas. Since August, 2018, Chongqing has begun to make use of this kind of lands to build a series of sports culture parks, ninety two of which will have been built by 2020. Designed by GVL, Chongqing Xinhu North Sports Culture Park is one of the first completed parks.
Research on the surroundings
Located in the north of Dadukou District where Shuangyuan Road, Shanchuan Road and Shanhe Road meet, the park is surrounded by high-density residential communities which are in need of activity spaces. Based on the demands of the local residents, GVL team has taken advantages of the natural resources and created a sports culture park for all ages.
Make the best of the land ------- height difference
Occupying an area of 20,452 m2, the site is about 140 m long from the east to the west and 170 m from the south the north. The terrain is complicated with multiple height differences ----- height difference between the highest part and the lowest part reaches 13.5 m. Trying to keep the original hilly terrain, the design team has created gentle slopes, lawns and hedges instead of retaining walls.
permeable pavement ensures good drainage.
the sand pool with drainage ditches around replaces the puddle to prevent rainwater from gathering.
steps for parents to take a rest and watch over their children.
Make the best of the climate -------- sunlight analysis
Aerial view of the park——surrounding buildings well shelter the park.
Chongqing is well known as one of the four “furnace cities” in China. When studying on the site, the design team were happy to find the surrounding buildings happened to shadow the park. Thus they’ve analyzed the sunlight and the living habits of the local residents, creating a series of landscapes and sports facilities accordingly.
▲ 当地夏至日照分析。sunlight analysis on the Summer Solstice
sunlight analysis on the Winter Solstice
The children’s playground is designed in the ventilated area. Varied fitness equipment and deciduous trees are scientifically arranged in or around the fitness area, allowing people to enjoy sunlight in winter and shadows in summer.
fitness area for the elderly
playground for children
Gathering center ------- the central corridor
In the old days, Chinese people had the tradition of making clothes with rags collected from other families, because they believed that children wearing this kind of clothes would be blessed. Making use of the left lands to build sports parks for the communities is also a blessing for the residents. Based on this tradition, the designers have made reference to the blessed clothes of Qing Dynasty which is collected in the Art Museum of Tsinghua University, trying to create a friendly and unique corridor for the users with its fresh colors and elegant structure.
As one of the most important landscape elements in traditional Chinese gardens, corridor is mainly used for connection and leading the way. “Visitors to the park may have no idea about the design idea, but they will feel warm and familiar with it. This recognizable gathering corridor is just what we want.” said the designers.
recognizable fresh colors
simple and elegant structure
vendors gathering in the corridor
Shady street provides green spaces
shady space for taking a rest
To continue the urban context, the design team uses tree groups to imitate the traditional buildings along traditional Chongqing streets. The width of the path is also designed according to the traditional street. Transforming the urban context and scale into different landscape spaces is also a way to eliminate the sense of strangeness.
The width of the path makes reference to traditional Chongqing streets
The entrance and exit of the park is designed according to the flow of people. Trees were newly planted.
The ground is mainly paved with environment-friendly permeable asphalt and ashlar bricks, and the green plants are mainly selected from local species. Just as the designers said, “the park is the place for hundreds of families, and the green spaces under trees will be ideal place for them to stay and relax. When the trees and plants grow up, they will make the spaces more comfortable.”
bench after rain/the ground is paved with ashlar bricks.
footpath paved with permeable asphalt
the elderly attracted by flowers
Parent-children interaction -------- activity facilities
According to the survey on the living habits of different people, the design team has designed different sports spaces for all ages, among which the most popular space is the children’s playground. Interactions between parents and children are quite normal but exteremely touching in this area.
▲ 初次玩滑梯，上有姐姐“护航” ,下有爸爸“保驾”。
the first sliding experience secured by elder sister and father
Grandfather and grandchild are playing badminton in the rain.
the race between the bog and his pet
football players under the setting sun
Urban renovation: from public to sharing
According to the official statistics, since its opening, the number of visitors to the Chongqing Xinhu North Sports Cuture Park has reached an average of 3,300 person-times per day. Besides the nearby residents, the sub-district offices and schools would also like to hold activities here. From a publicly-owned land to a sharing space, the park has greatly encouraged the communication between people and provided a more colorful lifestyle.
site before renovation
site after renovation
The idle lands usually become “dead corners” of a city. Different from traditional urban public facilities, corner parks will play an important role in promoting the development of the culture, ecology and society if well treated and designed. Adding to urban open spaces, optimizing the city image and promoting the city quality, corner parks are now blooming everywhere. And they are pretty important in building a park city.
委托单位：龙湖 / 道合
Project: Chongqing Xinhu North Sports Culture Park
Developer: Longfor / DONEHOME
Category: Urban Renovation
Area: 20,452 m2
Year of Design: 2018
Year of Completion: 2019
Landscape Design: GVL