△ 林里亭夜景Woodland Pavilion from afar
背景与环境 Background & Environment
Located in Diqing Prefecture of Yunnan province, Snub-nosed Monkey National Park is a naturally scenic site covering more than 300 square kilometers. Attracting visitors from around the world, its high altitude, pollution-free air, and abundant vegetation lent it the status as the last home of the black snub-nosed monkeys. The architect was commissioned to renovate and upgrade the outdated facilities near the park's entrance to fulfill more diverse needs.
△ 露天电影广场Open air movie terrace
△ 篝火广场全景Fire pit amphitheater
场地与条件 Site & Conditions
The entrance site is a natural slope comprised of walnut groves cut into varying sizes by roads and parking lots; a babbling brook flowing with snowmelt mountain water cuts through the site from north to south; its trickling noise soothes any weary mind upon encounter.
△ 临溪亭全貌New pavilion roof parallel to terrace's line of descent
△ 远望临溪亭Streamside Pavilion from afar
△ 临溪吧台Streamside countertops
△ 林里亭一角Roadside facade with lower eaves
需求与策略 Program & Strategy
The client’s intention was to set up campsites and new service facilities near the park’s entrance, allowing visitors to remain close to nature whilst residing in the forest. The architect's strategy was simple: to minimize interference with nature by using retractable tents – alternatingly placed along the stream, so each tenant can enjoy a view to the water as they drift into sleep. Moreover, the architect restrained the extent of intervention by only building two new pavilions elsewhere – thereby meeting the most essential needs for reception and dining.
△ 林中望亭View from forest
△ 吧台对望Interior scenery
1 林里亭 Woodland Pavilion
功能与形式：Function and Form
Adjacent to the road, Woodland Pavilion serves as the campsite’s reception area. United under a single shed roof, the architect compacted the front desk, lounge, storage, and other functions into an interconnected whole. A long, custom-crafted table flows and twists through its space, allowing activities to unfold around it – all the while keeping a variety of other layout options available for change.
△ 道路一侧望亭View from road further down
△ 遁入自然的亭Hidden platform pavilion
结构与材料 Structure and Material
Woodland Pavilion was constructed out of light-steel structure painted in dark colors, appearing slender and clean. The long table and walls are built out of locally sourced stones from the park, exuding a rustic charm.
△ 转折的钢台成为一件家具Turning detail of steel counter
△ 水平钢台临近景观布置Horizontal steel counter floating above the terraced steps
△ 水平钢台临水抱树Steel counter weaved around tree
△ 水平钢台成为座椅Steel counter as bench
△ 水平钢台与倾斜的屋顶和地面Angled roof parallel to terraced platform and horizontal steel counter
△ 钢台与结构柱相连Connection detail of steel counter and column
△ 纤细简明的结构体系Slender light-steel structures
界面与装饰 Furnishings and Décor
Towards the road, the pavilion’s roof is sloped down to obstruct noise into the building; on the other side, the roof is raised and extended, framing a full view of the forest beyond. Both sides are lined with floor-to-ceiling operable louvers. When opened or closed, coupled with spherical lights scattered within, the pavilion appears playful yet boundless.
△ 朝向景观一侧屋面抬起Woodland Pavilion's roof raised towards the forest
△ 临水的钢台引人亲近自然Steel counter near stream
△ 亭里望林Forest as viewed from interior
2 溪边亭 Streamside Pavilion
功能与形式 Function and Form
The function of Streamside Pavilion is to serve as a dining spot. Its original site had an outdated stone terrace which have been repeatedly repaired. Bounded by the stream with snowmelt water, as well as two graceful, timeless trees rooted near its edge, the platform naturally lent itself a place in the architect’s mind upon first visit as an idyllic resting spot – hence his expression “a platform awaits a pavilion”. This new pavilion is also very simple: a single shed roof propped up by ten square columns, sloping in parallel to stone terrace’s direction of descent, as if ground and roof were a singular entity.
△ 亭内布置Interior furnishings
△ 亭内多功能桌台Twisting stone counter
△ 亭中石台Stone counter within Woodland Pavilion
△ 透过格栅的林景Forest as viewed from interior
结构与材料 Structure and Material
Streamside Pavilion employed the same slender structural language from before; except this time, the roof’s edge is defined by the stone terrace’s outline. In addition, walls of newly added service space are made with natural stone, becoming one with the platform.
△ 融于自然的亭台View of Streamside Pavilion from opposite side
△ 溪中望亭Pavilion as viewed from stream below
△ 水平钢台成为临溪吧台Steel countertop and bar stools
△ 体型明确的单坡屋面Stone walls with staggered heights
△ 临近道路一侧檐口低垂Roadside edge defined by louvers
界面与装饰 Furnishings and Décor
Unlike Woodland Pavilion and its busy décor, Streamside Pavilion strived for simplicity and clarity, allowing maximum transparency to its surrounding features. The only new intervention is a continuous, horizontal plane of steel weaved between the sloping roof and terrace. From left to right, depending on its height to the terrace steps, it is simultaneously a bar counter, table, and bench. Twisting and turning through space, its proximity to nature and whimsical form attracts visitors to enter and explore.
△ 朴素的材料搭配Masonry and steel as main materials
△ 公共区域Campsite public area
△ 帐篷内景Tent view from interior
△ 帐篷阳台Tent balcony
结语 Final Remarks
For the two pavilion’s construction, the architect was essentially fully immersed on-site: designing on-the-spot, site supervision, occasional adjustments – it all lent the process the added upside of immediacy and instant problem-solving. Different from conventional design process, where stages between drawing to construction were clearly outlined, this intervention was more impromptu, even casual – but neither was it naïve or loose. It was an overall joyful design-build experience.
设计方： 金磊 北京土驻设计事务所创始合伙人 主持建筑师
设计团队：金磊 Angrybircai 王霹雳 孟寒 周彦邦
更新日期：2022-10-13 16:33:53非常感谢 北京土驻设计事务所 带来的精彩项目， 查阅更多