由ASPECT Studios设计的悉尼达令广场公共空间现已建成开放。项目由Lendlease（联实集团）开发打造，将住宅、商业、零售功能和社区设施聚集在一起，共同围绕成为一个全新的公共空间。达令广场由原来的悉尼娱乐中心和停车场改造而来，坐落于焕然一新的达令港生活区南面。Lendlease看到了该场地的巨大潜力，于2014年底为这块公共广场和相邻的巷道举办了概念设计竞赛。ASPECT Studios的方案设计最终斩获第一名，并获得随后Lendlease的委托，进行达令广场公共空间的景观设计深化工作。
Public realm of Darling Square which was designed by ASPECT Studios is unveiled in Sydney. The mixed use precinct, being developed by Lendlease, brings together residential, commercial, retail uses and community facilities, anchored around a new public square.Darling Square sits on the site of the former Entertainment Centre and car park, south of the revitalised Darling Harbour Live precinct. Recognising the potential of the site, Lendlease ran a limited design ideas competition to develop new concepts for the design of the public square and adjacent laneway. ASPECT Studios won the competitive process in late 2014 and was subsequently engaged by Lendlease to develop the design for the public domain across Darling Square.
With a renewed sense of place and position, urban connections are forged, realigning and reconverging the city with its prior landscape and landmarks. The precinct includes a strong, pedestrian-focused network of city streets, laneways and the 20-metre-wide pedestrian boulevard bisecting the ground plane, with the public square as the focal point.Darling Square embodies a new urban typology, fusing landscape, architecture, art, food and culture. It is home to 4,200 residents, 2,500 workers, and more than 60 retail and food stores, attracting visitors and locals alike.
The square was designed as smaller, discrete but still connected spaces that were flexible enough for event and community use, whilst maintaining human-scaled for day-to-day use. The spaces within the square are broadly similar in scale and comprised of:
▼总平面，Plan ©ASPECT Studios
The Exchange is a seven-storeys modern retail complex with multiple functions: three storeys as retail and high-end restaurants, two will be leased by Commonwealth Bank of Australia as its child care centre, and two of which will be Sydney Library.
竞赛之初，业主Lendlease曾提出，希望项目主体地标建筑The Exchange能给人带来兼具多元社区和公共使用的功能。ASPECT Studios提议，将建筑形式设计为圆形，即告别传统的前后门概念，打破建筑与公共空间的边界。这一具有设计互动意义的提议成为了后来隈研吾事务所进行建筑设计的一个基础理念。受到悉尼郊区绿树成荫的景观的启发，隈研吾将自然力量与建筑主体融为一体成为一个强有力的符号。镂空螺旋上升的建筑立面由20公里长的有机木材包裹，并在体块和功能上自然延伸到公共空间，与周边区域完美融合成为达令广场的中心和目的地。
As part of the design competition, Lendlease asked the respondents to consider how to integrate community and public uses for the building. ASPECT Studios’ proposed that the form of the building be altered to a circular ‘building in the round’. A building with no front or back door that allowed the public domain to continue freely underneath. This proposal formed the basis of the subsequent brief for the Darling Exchange, designed by Kengo Kuma and Associates.Inspired by the landscape of Sydney’s leafy green suburbs, Kengo Kuma blended the energy of nature with The Exchange building sitting as a punctuation point. The organic, spiraling facade, wrapped in 20kilometers of timber extends into the public domain both materially and functionally. The public domain integrates effortlessly with The Exchange, forming the centerpiece for the precinct, as a community building in the round and a destination in its own right.
A hard paved, flexible open space suitable for evening and weekend temporary market and event overlays. In order to create a true square, delineation was provided on all four sides so as to define space and hold the edges.
The Canopy Edge& The Boulevard
ASPECT Studios designed an intervention of a new canopy – a verandah – to occupy the western edge. The canopy creates a critical visual termination to the square, whilst also providing an opportunity for shade, shelter and amenity. The canopy provides a visual link and connection from building to square, reinforcing the generous blurring between the two. Besides the Canopy Edge is the Boulevard, an urban linear park with a rich palette of plants and generous seating and tables.
The Lawn & The Grove
A local-scaled turf space that captures good solar access and has a strong spatial relationship with the Square. In daily use this is the community lawn – for picnics, eating lunch, walking the dog.
The Grove provides critical shade in the hot summer months, whilst its deciduous canopy allows light to permeate to the ground through winter. Moveable furniture offers a space of inclusivity, a welcoming place for the community to gather and connect and converse.
Steam Mill步巷及Little Hay街道
ASPECT Studios与Lendlease、Leon Paroissien 一起联合为巷道的公共艺术和照明的设计提供了指导方向。最终，Steam Mill 步巷选择了艺术家Peta Kruger的方案、Little Hay 街区中选方案为艺术家Brendan Van Hek的设计——两条风格不同但熙熙攘攘的巷道，将人流吸引至达令广场的中心。独特的照明艺术装置在巷道上方创造了愉快的氛围，除了导视作用外，还激活了夜间场地活力。
Laneways: Steam Mill Lane and Little Hay Street
ASPECT Studios collaborated with Lendlease and Leon Paroissien to develop a brief and lead the process for the public art/lighting for the lanes. Artist Peta Kruger’s proposal was selected for Steam Mill Lane and artist Brendan Van Hek’s proposal selected for Little Hay Street – two bustling, distinct laneways that draw people to the heart of Darling Square. The lighting design creates a joyous public ceiling to the lanes. They contribute to the activation and human-scale of the place, and assist with wayfinding and night-time activation.
“对城市公共空间和基础设施进行如此高质量的投入是难得但宝贵的机会，造福大众的做法值得赞扬。”—— Sacha Coles, ASPECT Studios设计总监
“Itis a rare but welcome event that such high-quality investment in the public space and public infrastructure of the city has occurred”——Sacha Coles, ASPECT Studios
Darling Square offers green spaces for all, as an ever-changing civic space where daily life and spectacle collide. The contextual design from the landscape of custom grown Eucalyptus trees and endemic gardens offers a thriving and inviting multi-use urban space for all ages, treasured by residents, workers and visitors.
The public domain design response was in alignment with the wider site master planning, for three new residential developments, two new student accommodation buildings and a new commercial building, each with active, retail oriented, ground planes.
灯光艺术装置：Peta Kruger (Steam Mill Lane)、Brendan Van Hek (Little Hay Street)
Project Name: Darling Square
Location: Sydney, Australia
Revised Master Plan: ASPECT Studios
Lead Public Realm: ASPECT Studios
The Exchange Architects: Kengo Kuma and Associate
Lighting Artist for Steam Mill Lane: Peta Kruger
Lighting Artist for Little Hay Street: Brendan Van Hek
Photography: Brett Boardman
Text: ASPECT Studios