Main (south) facade of Xu Wei Art Museum and Qingteng Square
Xu Wei Art Museum and Qingteng Square are a very important part of our practiceproject in Shaoxing Ancient City, and also a key action in the urban renewal plan of"Seeing Qingteng Again". As the main venue for the "500th Anniversary of Xu Wei'sBirth and the Opening Ceremony of Xu Wei's Hometown", they were officially put intouse in May 2021.
In fact, the conceptual scheme of the Art Museum has taken shape in the first site survey,which absorbs the essence of Qingteng Bookstore's building and gardening, and puts forward some thoughts on the landmark public cultural buildings in the current renewal of ancient city: we try to establish a kind of new spatial expression, with a view toconnecting the surrounding built environment mainly based on the small scale of
traditional dwellings, meeting the demands of contemporary art exhibitions for largespace, and meanwhile discussing the topic of "modernity in historical context".
Qingteng Bookstore, the former residence of Xu Wei, modest, exquisite, elegant, unruly in composition and full of literary flavor
Overlooking Xu Wei Art Museum, you can clearly perceive architectural texture of the surrounding small-scale traditional dwellings
Standing at the northern end of Dacheng Lane, and looking at Xu Wei Art Museum from the direction of Qingteng Bookstore
纵向五进与开口造园 Longitudinal five-entry and open gardening
Xu Wei Art Museum is located in the former Shaoxing Machine Tool Plant, north ofQingteng Bookstore, the former residence of Xu Wei, and in the middle of HouguanLane. First of all, we get inspiration from the large space combination of the old Machine Tool Plant, and adopt the construction logic of "longitudinal five-entry, andhorizontal three-fold unequal herringbone slope modeling". The two five-entry floorson the east and west sides serve as the main exhibition space; the middle floor spans two floors, opening up the longitudinal five-entry pattern; and the ground floor is afoyer running through the north and south, while the shared hall and small temporarylecture hall are located on the second floor. The shared space on the upper and lower floors also serves as a transfer hub between exhibition halls on both sides.
Horizontal three-fold unequal herringbone slope modeling alleviates the alienation of large-scale space itself
The transparent ground floor runs through the space, connecting exhibition halls and auxiliary functions on both sides in series, and linking the north and south squares simultaneously
The atrium on the second floor provides multiple use scenarios such as rest, assembly,viewing and photographing, by Lei Tantan
We set up an internal courtyard in different flat floors on the east and west sides, which reasonably separates the space volume of the exhibition hall and enhances the indoor permeability. And meanwhile, the gardening design of rocks and waterfalls shroudedin greenery also provides visitors with more possibilities for viewing and leisure besides participating in the exhibition.
The west-facing main courtyard on the first floor is mainly for viewing
Figure 9: The courtyard on the east side of the second floor provides an outdoor leisure place for the lecture hall
Another function of the temporary lecture hall is to serve as a space viewfinder for visitors
乌片如墨与顶地同泼 Black slices and top-ground consistency
Besides spatial treatment means, the contemporary intention expression of Shaoxing'straditional style is also reflected in the fine selection of materials: the black metal texture unfolds from the roof along the herringbone slope house to the end of the second floor on the east and west sides, and the white granite solid walls are selected for above the second floor in the north-south direction; the first floor is concave on four sides for repeated pavement of the unitized texture of transverse herringbone slope, the curtain wall is treated locally according to function and unified modulus, and the gray granite and curtain wall materials are unified. The building presents typical black, white and gray tones in Shaoxing as a whole, with local blank space and positive three-fold herringbone slope contour line, which together create the contemporary landscape intention.
Black, white and gray tones make Xu Wei Art Museum skillfully integrate into the surrounding built environment
The north-south two-story volume of the building is treated with the nearly white granite solid wall with landscape metaphor texture
We especially retain the old walls at the east and north ends of the Machine Tool Plant,and compare the fully transparent glass curtain wall and white stone plate in the Art Museum, so that time can form tension in the space scene.
Old wall of the Machine Tool Plant preserved (photographed during construction)
In the opposite view of the old wall and the residential buildings, you can see the sunken Qingteng Square (The Visitor Center)
Located on the south side of the venue, Qingteng Square connects the Art Museum on the north side with Qingteng Bookstore on the south side, paving the way for the frontcourt atmosphere, and meanwhile serves as the Visitor Center to carry the crowd distribution function. The Square continues the construction logic of the Art Museum,and "lifts up" two herringbone slopes on the east and west sides respectively: the west side is slightly raised to enclose the Square, while the east side is slightly higher. With the help of local sinking, the volume of the Visitor Center is skillfully hidden under the herringbone slopes.
Two herringbone slopes, one big and one small, are "lifted up" on the east and west sides of the Square
The Visitor Center hides under the herringbone slope view
The Square as a whole is paved with dark stone, and the west side creates a flowing water scene with the help of slope. Meanwhile, an original "Xu Wei Statue" stands on the southwest side of the Art Museum and the northeast side of the slope, making it the visual focus of the Square and the prospect of the Art Museum. And the step-like setting at the beginning of the east slope serves as an auditorium to provide an appropriate place for distribution and gathering.
Xu Wei Statue stands on the southwest side of the Art Museum
The rising gentle slope sets up drama stage of the City
At the same time, with the help of the space creation technique of "viewpoint transformation", the "continuous bedding" is formed in the constantly moving and changing viewpoint shift, and a complete and unified space experience and impression foil is constructed for the visual and psychological integration of architecture and landscape - that is the so-called landscape spirit originated from Jiangnan.
△黄昏中的徐渭艺术馆 Xu Wei Art Museum at dusk
社区里的公共艺术空间 Public Art Space in Community
When urban renewal and ancient city protection are increasingly becoming gossip topics after meals, we hope to present our thinking through design: how the contemporary public art space intervenes in the cultural context of ancient city,integrates into and influences the lives of citizens, and then completes the initial reconstruction and prospect of the "future traditional community", improves the quality of living space in the area and gives it new vitality.
Xu Wei Art Museum is gradually integrating into local community life
Visitors line up to enter Xu Wei Art Museum
Usage of Qingteng Square after its completion
Mr. Xu Wei, obsessed with calligraphy, has become a master intentionally or unintentionally. What we have done is nothing more than: taking writing brush and ink to create a broad landscape that is crazy and acceptable, accessible to ordinary people,imaginary as a place but actually architectural.