今天，在荷兰鹿特丹Depot Boijmans Van Beuningen的屋顶花园里，75棵树中的第一棵已经安装完毕，这是由MVRDV设计的世界上第一个公众可进入的艺术仓库。
Today sees the installation of the first of 75 trees on the roof garden of Depot Boijmans Van Beuningen in Rotterdam, the first publicly accessible art depot in the world designed by MVRDV.
在接下来的两周内，75棵大桦树将用特殊的起重机吊到35米高的空中，并由项目承包商BAM Bouw en Techniek将其种植在鹿特丹Depot Boijmans Van Beuningen的屋顶上。在这里，这些树木将成为绿色屋顶森林的一部分，屋顶设有餐厅，可以享受城市的壮观景色。
Over the next two weeks, 75 large birches will be hoisted 35 metres in the air using a special crane and planted on the roof of Rotterdam’s Depot Boijmans Van Beuningen by project contractor BAM Bouw en Techniek. Here, the trees will become part of a green rooftop forest with a restaurant and spectacular views over the city.
这个屋顶森林是由来自丹博斯的MTD landschapsarchitecten设计的。 这些树的树龄在10到15年之间，在过去的三年里，树木苗圃已经为它们的新位置做好了准备。一个特殊的浇水系统确保了它们被种植的土壤永远不会干涸。后续护理由专门的树艺师提供，他定期监测树木的活力、健康和水分。树木能持续存活多久取决于各种因素，如天气影响，但预计这些强壮的大树几乎不需要什么生存条件，绝大多数都能保持几十年的屹立不倒。
The forest was designed together with MTD landschapsarchitecten from Den Bosch. The chosen tree is the Betula pubescens, a soft birch that grows to a maximum height of ten metres and is highly resistant to the weather conditions on the roof. The trees are between ten and fifteen years old and over the past three years the Ebben tree nursery has prepared them for their new location. A special watering system ensures that the soil in which they are being planted will never dry out. Aftercare is provided by a specialised arborist who regularly monitors the trees for vitality, health, and moisture. How long the tree continues to live depends on various factors such as weather influences but it is expected that the vast majority of these strong pioneer trees – which need little to survive – will remain standing for several decades.
"当Yves Brunier与OMA一起设计Museumpark时，我帮助选择了使用老树"，MVRDV的创始合伙人Winy Maas说："现在，这些白桦树被放置在Depot的屋顶上，这个项目已经完成了，我们正在将公园带到Depot的顶部，并将其扩大。很快，人们就可以免费乘坐快速电梯上去，在34米的高空欣赏城市的壮观景色。"
“When Yves Brunier designed the Museumpark with OMA, I helped with the selection of the old trees”, says MVRDV founding partner Winy Maas. “Now that the birches are being placed on the roof of the Depot, the circle is complete; we are taking the park we removed to the top of the Depot and enlarging it. Soon, people will be able to take the express lift up, free of charge, and enjoy a spectacular view of the city at a height of 34 metres.”
鹿特丹市政府将很快开始对Museumpark北部的区域进行绿化工作，包括公园内和紧邻公园边界的区域。该区域将采用天然石材铺装，并有很多种植区和树木。此外，Het Nieuwe Instituut外面的池塘和活动平台将被重新设计。
The Municipality of Rotterdam will soon start work on the greening of the area in the north of the Museumpark, both within the park and immediately outside its boundaries. The area will have natural stone paving with lots of planting areas and trees. In addition, the ponds and event deck outside Het Nieuwe Instituut will be redesigned.
MVRDV gave the circular 39.5-metre Depot as small a footprint as the programme allowed, in order to leave as much of the park intact as possible. Thanks to the mirrored façade panels, the building reflects both the park and the city. The Depot gives visitors the opportunity to view the museum's 151,000 artworks even when they are not being displayed in the museum’s curated exhibitions, and thanks to the building’s five zones, each with its own individual climate environment, private and corporate collections can also be preserved in the building under museum conditions. The Depot is expected to open its doors in September 2021. Before that date, the building will be accessible once, in an empty state, during the Open Depot Days on 25, 26 and 27 September 2020 before the major art move begins.
Project Name: Depot Boijmans Van Beuningen
Principal in charge: Winy Maas
Partner: Fokke Moerel
Project Team: Sanne van der Burgh, Arjen Ketting, Gerard Heerink, Jason Slabbynck, Rico van de Gevel, Marjolein Marijnissen, Remco de Haan
Competition Team: Sanne van der Burgh, Marta Pozo, Gerard Heerink, Elien Deceuninck, Saimon Gomez Idiakez, Jose Ignacio Velasco Martin, Jason Slabbynck, Mariya Gyaurova, Lukasz Brzozowski
Strategy & Development: Jan Knikker, Irene Start
Visualization: Antonio Luca Coco, Matteo Artico, Carlo Cattó
Copyright: MVRDV 2018 – (Winy Maas, Jacob van Rijs, Nathalie de Vries)
Structure: IMd Raadgevend Ingenieurs
Cost engineering: BBN
Façade consultants: ABT
Building Physics: Peutz
Sustainability: BREEAM Excellent (goal)
Images: © MVRDV, © Ossip van Duivenbode