Toscanini是一个公益住房区，建于20世纪90年代，位于意大利中部中型城市Aprilia的郊区。社区基础设施的缺乏，助长了日益严重的物质和经济的萎靡，随着时间的推移，忽视，小型犯罪和非法占有住房引起了广泛的不安全感，使" the pit "成为城市规划失败的象征，并增加了与居民的距离，在社会结构中也可以看出端倪。
Toscanini is a social housing district built in the 1990s on the outskirts of Aprilia, a medium-sized city in central Italy. The failure to carry out primary infrastructures for the neighborhood has contributed to the progressive physical and socio-economic malaise and over time, neglect, petty crime and unlawful possession of homes have fueled a general sense of abandonment and insecurity, making “the pit” a symbol of the urban planning failure and increasing the physical distance from the inhabitants, recognizable also in the social fabric.
Design, in addition to improving the quality of urban space, becomes here a complex action, which stimulates the reuse and re-functionalization of public areas and simultaneously acts as a tool to strengthen bonds within the community which will inhabit and use those spaces.
The architectural projectis entrusted with the task of giving shape to a place that hosts and promotes this process, enhancing the features of the context. The design choices are initially oriented around two fundamental aspects: to make the area accessible, bridging the initial distance and replacing it with an open and inclusive place of relationships; to leave free space for collective uses and experiments, encouraging appropriation by the inhabitants, while suggesting new visions for the neighborhood. The process aims to create a complete but unfinished space, where indeterminacy is its strongest point.
Together with the construction site, the community building process is initiated, designed and coordinated by an interdisciplinary working group, with the aim of investigating the local culture, strengthening the community and reconciling it to the public spaces under construction.Thebuilding site, no longer an exclusive place for workers, becomes a moment of collective creation, an “open” place in which accessibility, visibility and communication involve the inhabitants in the transformation and accompany the progressive appropriation by the community.
The programme along the works is the real innovation of Prossima Apertura. The integrated activities are parallel and complementary actions to the development of the construction site: events in the vicinity, visits to the area under construction, events and workshops in the progressively completed areas. Focus groups, public presentations, site visits and coordination round tables gather around the area an active and informed community in a constant dialogue.
Beyond the square, the architectural intervention extends to Parco Europa, a 35,000 square meter green area where an underused space becomes an open air classroom and a collective nursery. By redefining and completing the cycle and pedestrian paths that cross the park, the project transforms the public spaces of the neighborhood into a system.
Project name:Prossima Apertura (Next Opening)
Project location:Aprilia (LT), Italy
Building area (m²):9000 sqm
Other participants:w/ ADLM Architetti (architecture and urban planning), NOEO (psychosocialresearch), Rub Kandy (graphics and publicart), Mara Zamuner (communication), Alessandro Imbriaco, Alessandro Vitali (photography), Nicola Barbuto (videomaker)
Photocredits:Alessandro Imbriaco, Alessandro Vitali, Alessio Pellicoro, Alessandra Sforza, Alessandro Brocco