The Eco-boulevard in Vallecas can be defined as an urban recycling operation consisting of the following actions: insertion of an air tree-social dynamizer over an existing urbanization area, densification of existing alignment trees and reduction and asymmetric arrangement of wheeled traffic circulation. Superficial interventions reconfiguring the existing urbanization (perforations, fillings, paint, etc.) that defaces the executed kerb development.
There are two main objectives: one of a social nature, aimed to generate activity, and one of an environmental nature, the bioclimatic adaptation of an outdoor space, achieved with a system of passive air conditioning based on chilling by evapotranspiration.
This system, commonly used in the green house industry, is capable of lowering temperature by around 10º C, depending on humidity conditions and temperature. The system goes into action when a temperature sensor detects temperatures above 27ºC in its surroundings. It is particularly efficient with high temperatures and low relative humidity (typical conditions in Madrid during the summer).
The Air Trees are objects of an exportable nature, so they may be re-installed in similar locations or in other types of situations requiring an urban activity or reactivation.
The air tree is a light structure that is self-sufficient in terms of energy and can be dismantled. It consumes only what it can produce through photovoltaic solar energy collection systems. Selling this energy to the power network generates a superavit on the annual balance sheet and this is reinvested in the maintenance of the structure itself. This is just a model for the management of resources on a project in the course of time.
The goal of this project is to create an atmosphere that invites and promotes activity in an urban public space that is “sick” due to “bad planning”.
The simple climatic adaptation systems installed in the trees of air are of the evapotranspirative type, which is often used in greenhouses. Consumption binomial and reactivate the public space by creating climatically adapted environments (8ºC–10ºC cooler than the rest of the street in summer) where citizens will be once again active participants in public spaces.
Design : ECOSISTEMA URBANO
Project Name: ECO-BOULEVARD
Locate: Madrid (SPAIN)
Client: Municipality of Madrid
Program: Ecological Boulevard for a social and bioclimatically conditioned public space.
Scope: Design, construction document, energy strategy and construction follow up